Theory and History of Ontology

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  • "History Logic" and "Bibliographia" are my other websites. "Table of Contents" gives the list of the pages, for other indexes see the "Sitemap". "Modern Ontologists" contains a table with links to the pages on the most important philosophers of the 19th and 20th centuries who have written on ontology. The "Search" function can be used to find a particular author or subject.


Bibliography on the Latin Medieval Commentaries on Aristotle's Categories


  1. Adamo Luigi. "Boezio E Mario Vittorino Traduttori E Interpreti Dell' Isagoge Di Porfirio." Rivista Critica di Storia della Filosofia 22 (1967): 141-164.

  2. Andrews Robert. "Peter of Auvergne's Commentary on Aristotle's Categories: Edition, Translation, and Analysis." 1988.

    Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Cornell University, 1988 (two volumes), available at ProQuest Dissertation Express.

  3. ———. "Question Commentaries on the Categories in the Thirteenth Century." Medioevo.Rivista di Storia della filosofia Medievale 26 (2001): 265-326.

    "A philosophical genre new to the thirteenth century was the question commentary. Commentaries on Aristotle's Categories (a book "read by children"), extending in an unbroken tradition back to antiquity, by 1300 had developed into sophisticated analyses of the fundamental concepts underlying the rest of logic and philosophy. In this article I present, from both published and manuscript sources, texts selected with two purposes in mind: to examine the development of the question commentary out of the inserted dubia of the literal commentary, and to point out a particular shift in the concept of quantity, which may serve as a criterion for relative dating of Categories commentaries."

  4. Ashworth Earline Jennifer. "A Thirteenth-Century Interpretation of Aristotle on Equivocation and Analogy." Canadian Journal of Philosophy Supplementary volume 17 (1991): 85-101.

    "This paper is a case study of how Aristotle's remarks about equivocation were read in the thirteenth century. I analyze the divisions of equivocation and analogy found in an anonymous commentary on the Sophistici Elenchi written in Paris between 1270 and 1280; and I show the part played by four sources: 1) the Greek commentators of late antiquity; 2) the new translations of Aristotle's Physics and Metaphysics; 3) Arabic works, particularly those of Averroes; 4) new grammatical doctrines, notably modi significandi."

  5. ———. "L'analogie De L'être Et Les Homonymes. Categories, 1 Dans La " Guide De L'étudiant"." In L'enseignement De La Philosophie Au Xiii Siècle. Autour Du "Guide De L'étudiant" Du Ms. Ripoll 109. Actes Du Colloque International, edited by Lafleur, Claude and Carrier, Joanne. 281-295. Turnhout: Brepols, 1997.

  6. Biard Joël. "Sémiologie Et Théorie Des Catégories Chez Albert De Saxe." In Itinéraires D'Albert De Saxe, Paris-Vienne Au Xive Siècle, edited by Biard, Joël. Paris: Vrin, 1991.

  7. ———. "Le Traité Sur Les Catégories De Blaise De Parme." In La Tradition Médiévale Des Catégories (Xiie-Xve Siècles), edited by Biard, Joël and Rosier-Catach, Irène. 365-378. Leuwen: Éditions Peeters, 2003.

  8. Biard Joël, and Rosier-Catach Irène, eds. La Tradition Médiévale Des Catégories (Xiie-Xve Siècles). Louvain: Peeters, 2003.

    Actes du XIIIe Symposium européen de logique et de sémantique médiévales (Avignon, 6-10 juin 2000).

    Table des matières: Introduction V; A. Nombre et nature des categories. Valentin Omelyantchyk: La question d'Alexandre dans les commentaires medievaux sur les Catégories 1; Giorgio Pini: Scotus on deducing Aristotle's categories 23; Mischa von Perger: Understanding the categories by division: Walter of Burley vs. William of Ockham 37; William McMahon: Some non-standard views and their definition in Ockham's Nominalism 53; Allan Bäck: Avicenna on relations 69; B. Problèmes linguistiques et logiques. Costantino Marmo: Types of Opposition in the post-predicamenta in Thirteenth-century Commentaries 85; C. H. Kneepkens: Clarembald of Arras and the Notionistae 105; E. Jennifer Ashworth: L'equivocité, l'univocité et les noms propres 127; Claude Panaccio: Connotative concepts and their definition in Ockham's Nominalism 141; Fabienne Pironet: Siger de Brabant et les catégories: la signification des termes accidentels 157; Fabrizio Amerini: Catégories et langage mental: une critique de Francois de Prato a Guillaume d'Ockham 173; Richard Gaskin: Complexe significabilia and Aristotle's Categories 187; C. Problèmes physiques, psychologiques, métaphysiques. E. P. Bos: Petrus Thomae on unity that is less than numerical 207; Christopher Martin: The role of categories in the development of Abelard's theory of possibility 225; William Courtenay: The categories, Michael of Massa and natural philosophy at Paris, 1335-1340 243; Simo Knuuttila: Locating emotions in the Categories 261; D. Problemes theologiques. Andrea Tabarroni: "Utrum deus sit in praedicamenta": ontological simplicity and categorical inclusion 271; Luisa Valente: "Talia sunt subiecta qualia predicata permittunt": le principe de l'approche contextuelle 289; E. Monographies. Yukio Iwakuma: William of Champeaux on Aristotle's Categories 313; Joke Spruyt: Twelfth-Century Gloses on Categories 329; Sten Ebbesen: Anonymus D'Orvillensis on the Categories 347; Joël Biard: Le traité sur les catégories de Blaise de Parme 365; Bibliographie 379; Index des noms 399.

  9. Blum Paul Richard. "Der Standardkursus Der Katolischen Schulphilosophie Im 17. Jahrhundert." In Aristotelismus Und Renaissance. In Memoriam Charles B. Schmitt, edited by Kessler, Eckhard, Lohr, Charles H. and Sparn, Walter. 127-148. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1988.

  10. Bos Egbert Peter. "The Division of Being over the Categories According to Albert the Great, Thomas Aquinas and John Duns Scotus." In John Duns Scotus (1265/6-1308): Renewal of Philosophy, edited by Bos, Egbert Peter. 183-196. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1998.

    Acts of the Third Symposium organized by the Dutch Society for Medieval Philosophy Medium Aevum (May 23 and 24, 1996).

    "In this contribution we shall investigate the views held by Albert the Great, Thomas Aquinas and John Duns Scotus concerning the nature and number of the categories. As is traditional in medieval logic, one first has to determine the nature of something, and then its division (in this case their number). Each in their own way, Albert the Great and Thomas Aquinas intended to safeguard the number of ten by way of a proof, i.e. a deduction. Duns Scotus, however, believes that such a proposition is impossible. He also investigates the opinions of those who try to infer the nature of the categories from the various modi predicandi, thus possibly criticizing Albert and Thomas -- be it justly or unjustly. In his opinion, the members of the categories refer to distinct 'realities' ('realities' in a Scotistic sense). None of them can be reduced, neither to each other, nor to something else. All members possess a certain formal reality, although this is not merely identical with the being of an actual thing. (5) Scotus accepts the number of ten categories with reference to tradition, (6) but he gives some negative arguments. He demonstrates that there are neither more categories (for instance motus as an eleventh category), (7) nor less than ten (for instance ens per se and ens in alio alone). So he concludes to the number of ten in a negative way: there are no more, and no less." pp. 183-185

    (5) Th. Kobusch, 'Substanz und Qualität. Die Reduzierung der Kategorien nach Wilhelm von Ockham' in D. Koch and Kl. Bort (eds.), Kategorie und Kategorialität. Historisch-systematische Untersuchungen zum Begriff der Kategorie im Philosophischen Denken. Festschrift für Klaus Hartmann zum 65. Geburtstag, Würzburg 1990, 79.

    (6) Just as his (supposed) disciple Francis of Mayronnes would. E. P. Bos, 'The Theory of Ideas According to Francis of Meyronnes ( Commentary on the Sentences (Conflatus) I, dist. 47), in L. Benakis (ed.), Néoplatonisme et philosophie médiévale. Acts du colloque international de Corfu, 6-8 octobre 1995, Bruges 1997, 211-227.

    (7) Which is also suggested by Aristotle in one place of his work, where it said that for each category there is a substrate, for instance for the quale, for the quantum, for the when, for the where, and for the motion. See Aristotle, Metaphysics, VII, 4 1029b 25.


    1. The number of categories turns out to be a problem for medieval philosophers. It is pointed out that the Philosopher himself was not too consistent in his listings of the categories. Avicenna, for instance, does not accept the number of ten just like that.

    2. Some Medievals try to deduce the ten categories. Albert the Great and Thomas Aquinas do so each in their own (although quite similar) ways, starting from their own respective ontology.

    3. Scotus does not undertake any kind of deduction. He stresses the realiter difference between the diverse categories. He only accepts the number of ten categories on the basis of tradition. He differentiates between the way the metaphysician and the logician views the list of ten categories.

    4. Scotus does reduce non-entia, figmenta, and so on to entia, as members of the categories. To Scotus this seems to be a matter of far greater concern than it was to his predecessors. After Scotus philosophers are very much interested in the problem whether those non-positive terms can be regarded as members of the ten traditional categories." p. 196

  11. ———. "John Buridan on Substance in His Commentary ( Summulae) on Aristotle's Categories." In Signs and Signification. Vol. I, edited by Gill, Harjeet Singh and Manetti, Giovanni. 85-99. New Delhi: Bahri Publications, 1999.

  12. ———. "Some Notes on the Meaning of the Term ' Substantia' in the Tradition of Aristotle's Categories." In L'élaboration Du Vocabulaire Philosophique Au Moyen Âge, edited by Hamesse, Jacqueline and Steel, Carlos. 511-537. Turnhout: Brepols, 2000.

    Actes du Colloque international de Louvain-la-Neuve et Leuven, 12-14 septembre 1998 organisé par la Société Internationale pour l'Étude de la philosophie Médiévale

  13. ———. "John Versor's Albertism in His Commentaries to Porphyry and the Categories." In Chemins De La Pensée Médiévale. Études Offertes À Zénon Kaluza, edited by Bakker, Paul J.J.M., Faye, Emmanuel and Grellard, Christophe. 47-78. Turnhout: Brepols, 2002.

  14. Boulnois Olivier. "Les Catégories Selon Duns Scot." In Giovanni Duns Scoto. Studi E Ricerche Nel Vii Centenario Della Sua Morte in Onore Di P. César Saco Alarcón. Vol I, edited by Nuñez, Martín Carbajo. 357-377. Roma: Antonianum, 2008.

  15. Bruun Otto, and Corti Lorenzo, eds. Les Catégories Et Leur Histoire. Paris: Vrin, 2005.

    Table des matières. Jonathan Barnes: Les Catégories et les Catégories 11; Curzio Chiesa: Porphyre et le problème de la substance des Catégories 81; Benjamin Morison: Les Catégories d'Aristote comme introduction à la logique 103; Anthony Kenny: Les Catégories chez les Pères de l'Église latins 121; Michael Frede: Les Catégories d'Aristote et les Pères de l'Église Grecs 135; Alain de Libera: L'onto-théo-logique de Boèce: doctrine des catégories et théorie de la prédication dans le De Trinitate 175; John Marenbon: Les Catégories au début du Moyen Âge 223; Sten Ebbesen: Les Catégories au Moyen Âge et au début de la modernité 245; Stéphane Dieble: Catégories, conversation et philosophie chez al-Fàràbi 275; Katerina Ierodiakonou: La réception byzantine des Catégories d'Aristote 307; Otto Bruun et Lorenzo Corti: Bibliographie 341; Index locorum 363; Index nominum et rerum 369-396.

  16. Courtine Jean-François. "Note Complémentaire Pour L'histoire Du Vocabulaire De L'être. Les Traductions Latines D' Ousía Et La Compréhension Romano-Stoïcienne De L'être." In Concepts Et Catégories De La Pensée Antique, edited by Aubenque, Pierre. 33-87. Paris: Vrin, 1980.

    Reprinted and updated in: J-F. Courtine - Les catégories de l'être. Études de philosophie ancienne et médiévale - Paris, Press Universitaires de France, 2003, pp. 11-77.

  17. Demetracopoulos John A. "Aristotle's Categories in the Greek and Latin Medieval Exegetical Tradition. The Case of the Argument for the Non-Simultaneity of Relatives." Cahiers de l'Institut du Moyen-Âge grec et latin 66 (1996): 117-134.

  18. ———. "Alcuin and the Realm of Application of Aristotle's Categories." In Intellect Et Imagination Dans La Philosophie Médiévale / Intellect and Imagination in Medieval Philosophy / Intelecto E Imaginação Na Filosofia Medieval, edited by Pacheco, Maria Candida da Costa Reis M. and Meirinhos, José Francisco. 1733-1742. Turnhout: Brepols, 2006.

  19. Desbordes Françoise. "Homonymie Et Synonymie D'aprés Les Textes Théoriques Latins." In L'ambiguité. Cinq Études Historiques, edited by Rosier, Irène. 51-102. Lille: Presses Universitaires, 1988.

  20. Ebbesen Sten. "Medieval Latin Glosses and Commentaries on Aristotelian Logical Texts of the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries." In Glosses and Commentaries on Aristotelian Logical Texts: The Syriac, Arabic and Medieval Latin Traditions, edited by Burnett, Charles. 129-177. London: The Warburg Institute, University of London, 1993.

  21. ———. "Anonymus D'orvillensis' Commentary on Aristotle's Categories." Cahiers de l'Institut du Moyen-Âge grec et latin 70 (1999): 229-423.

  22. ———. "A Porretanean Commentary on Aristotle's Categories." Cahiers de l'Institut du Moyen-Âge grec et latin 72 (2001): 35-88.

  23. ———. "Late-Ancient Ancestors of Medieval Philosophical Commentaries." In Il Commento Filosofico Nell'occidente Latino (Secoli Xiii/Xv) / the Philosophical Commentary Uin the Latin West (13 - 15th Centuries), edited by Fioravanti, Gianfranco, Leonardi, Claudio and Perfetti, Stefano. 1-15. Turnhout: Brepols, 2002.

    Reprinted as Chapter 7 in: S. Ebbesen, Greek-Latin philosophical interaction. Collected essays of Sten Ebbesen. Volume 1, Aldershot: Ashgate, 2008, pp. 97-106.

  24. Erismann Christophe. "Identité Et Ressemblance. Marisu Victornus, Lecteur D'Aristote." Les Études philosophiques 101 (2012): 181-190.

  25. Gibson Margaret. "Latin Commentaries on Logic before 1200." Bulletin de Philosophie Médiévale 24 (1982): 54-64.

  26. Hadot Pierre. Porphyre Et Victorinus. Paris: Études augustiniennes, 1968.

    Two volumes; Vol. 2 contains Latin texts of Victorinus and Greek texts, with French translation, of Porphyry.

  27. Hochshild Joshua. "Words, Concepts and Things. Cajetan on the Subject of the Categories." Dionysius 19 (2001): 159-166.

  28. Hugonnard-Roche Henri. "Les "Catégories" D'Aristote Comme Introduction À La Philosophie, Dans Un Commentaire Syriaque De Sergius De Res' Aina (D. 536)." Documenti e Studi sulla Tradizione Medievale 8 (1997): 339-364.

  29. Iwakuma Yukio. "William of Champeaux on Aristotle's Categories." In La Tradition Médiévale Des Catégories (Xiie-Xve Siècles), edited by Biard, Joël and Rosier-Catach, Irène. 313-328. Leuwen: Éditions Peeters, 2003.

  30. Klima Gyula. "Ockham's Semantics and Ontology of the Categories." In The Cambridge Companion to Ockham, edited by Spade, Paul Vincent. 118-142. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

  31. Libera Alain de. "Boèce Et L'interprétation Médiévale Des Catégories. De La Paronymie À La Denominatio." In Aristotelica Secunda. Mélanges Offerts a Christian Rutten, edited by Motte, André and Denooz, Joseph. 255-264. Liège: Université de Liège. Faculté de Philosophie et Lettres, 1995.

  32. Livesey Steven J. "Medieval Latin Aristotle Commentators: Addenda and Biographical Precisions." Bulletin de Philosophie Médiévale 43 (2001): 95-132.

  33. Lohr Charles H. "Renaissance Latin Translations of the Greek Commentaries on Aristotle." In Humanism and Early Modern Philosophy, edited by Kraye, Jill and Stone, M.W.F., 24-40. New York: Routledge, 2000.

  34. Marenbon John. "John Scottus and the 'Categoriae Decem'." In Eriugena: Studien Zu Seinen Quellen. Vorträge Des Iii. Internationalen Eriugena-Colloquiums (Freiburg/Br. 27.-30.10. 1979), edited by Beierwaltes, Werner. 117-134. Heidelberg: C. Winter, 1980.

    Reprinted as Chapter V in: John Marenbon, Aristotelian Logic, Platonism, and the Context of Early Medieval Philosophy in the West, Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000.

  35. ———. From the Circle of Alcuin to the School of Auxerre. Logic, Theology and Philosophy in the Early Middle Ages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

  36. ———. "Vocalism, Nominalism and the Commentaries on the Categories from the Earlier Twelfth Century." Vivarium 30 (1992): 51-61.

    Reprinted as Chapter XIII in: John Marenbon - Aristotelian logic, Platonism, and the context of early medieval philosophy in the West - Aldershot - Ashgate, 2000.

  37. ———. "Medieval Latin Commentaries and Glosses on Aristotelian Logical Texts, before C. 1150 A.D." In Glosses and Commentaries on Aristotelian Logical Texts: The Syriac, Arabic and Medieval Latin Traditions, edited by Burnett, Charles. 77-127. London: The Warburg Institute, University of London, 1993.

    Reprinted as Chapter II in: John Marenbon - Aristotelian logic, Platonism, and the context of early medieval philosophy in the West - Aldershot - Ashgate, 2000.

  38. ———. "Glosses and Commentaries on the Categories and De Interpretatione before Abelard." In Dialektik Und Rhetorik Im Früheren Und Hohen Mittelalter. Rezeption, Überlieferung Und Gesellschaftliche Wirkung Antiker Gelehrsamkeit Vornehmlich Im 9. Und 12. Jahrhundert, edited by Fried, Johannes. 21-49. München: Oldenbourg, 1997.

    Reprinted as Chapter IX in: John Marenbon - Aristotelian logic, Platonism, and the context of early medieval philosophy in the West - Aldershot - Ashgate, 2000.

  39. McCord Adams Marylin. "Re-Reading De Grammatico, or Anselm's Introduction to Aristotle's Categories." Documenti e Studi sulla Tradizione Filosofica Medievale 11 (2000): 83-112.

  40. McMahon William. "Radulphus Brito on the Sufficiency of the Categories." Cahiers de l'Institut du Moyen-Âge grec et latin 39 (1981): 81-96.

  41. Newton Lloyd A., ed. Medieval Commentaries on Aristotle's Categories. Leiden: Brill, 2008.

    Contents: Preface VII-VIII; Lloyd A. Newton: The importance of medieval commentaries on Aristotle's Categories 1; Michael Chase: The medieval posterity of Simplicius' Commentary on the Categories: Thomas Aquinas and al-Farabi ); Allan Bäck: Avicenna the Commentator 31; Bruno Tremblay: Albertus Magnus on the subject of Aristotle's Categories 73; Robert Andrews: Interconnected literal commentaries on the Categories in the Middle Ages 99; Paul Symington: Thomas Aquinas on establishing the identity of Aristotle's Categories 119; Giorgio Pini: Reading Aristotle's Categories as an introduction to logic: Later medieval discussions about its place in the Aristotelian Corpus 145; Martin Pickavé: Simon of Faversham on Aristotle's Categories and the scientia praedicamentorum 183; Lloyd A. Newton: Duns Scotus's account of a propter quid science of the categories 221; Todd Bates: Fine-tuning Pini's reading of Scotus's Categories commentary 259; Giorgio Pini: How Is Scotus's logic related to his metaphysics? A reply to Todd Bates 277; Alexander W. Hall: John Buridan: on Aristotle's Categories 295; Alessandro D. Conti:

    A realist interpretation of the Categories in the Fourteenth century: the Litteralis Sententia Super Praedicamenta Aristotelis of Robert Alyngton 317; Robert Andrews: Thomas Maulevelt's denial of substance 347; Appendix: Thomas Maulevelt: Quaestiones super Praedicamenta: Quaestio 16 358; Alessandro D. Conti: Categories and Universals in the later Middle Ages 369; Bibliography 411; List of Contributors 429; Index 433-439.

    "Originally, I planned to include essays on all three main philosophical traditions alive throughout the Middle Ages, namely, those written by Jewish, Christian and Islamic philosophers. Essays pertaining to the Jewish tradition, however, are noticeably absent due to the lack of contemporary scholarship in this area. Consequently, the preponderance of the remaining articles focuses mainly on Christian philosophers. The scope of the project has, however, stayed away from theological issues, even though discussions of the categories often have tremendous theological implications, especially concerning the doctrines of Transubstantiation and the Trinity. Consequently, the issues raised in the following essays are properly philosophical issues, not theological.

    What follows is a collection of fourteen original essays,4 all devoted to one or more medieval commentaries on Aristotle's Categories, written by a wide variety of philosophers from Europe, Canada, and the United States." p. 2

  42. Pattin Adriaan. "Pour L'histoire Du Commentaire Sur Les Catégories D'Aristote De Simplicius Au Moyen." In Arts Libéraux Et Philosophie Au Moyen Age. 1073-1078. Paris: Vrin, 1969.

    Actes du Quatrième Congrés International de philosophie Médiévale. Université de montréal, Montréal, Canada 27 août - 2 septembre 1967.

  43. Pinborg Jan. "Petrus De Alvernia on the Categories." Cahiers de l'Institut du Moyen-Âge grec et latin 15 (1975): 40-46.

  44. Pini Giorgio. Categories and Logic in Duns Scotus. An Interpretation of Aristotle's Categories Inn the Late Thirteenth Century. Leiden: Brill, 2002.

  45. ———. "The Transcendentals of Logic: Thirteenth-Century Discussions on the Subject Matter of Aristotle's Categories." In Die Logik Des Transzendentalen. Festschrift Für Jan A. Aertsen, edited by Pickavé, Martin. 140-159. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2003.

  46. ———. "Scotus on Deducing Aristotle's Categories." In La Tradition Médiévale Des Catégories (Xiie-Xive Siécles). Xiiie Symposium Européen De Logique Et De Sémantique Médiévales. Avignon 6-10 Juin 2000, edited by Biard, Joël and Rosier-Catach, Irène. 23-35. Louvain: Éditions Peeters, 2003.

  47. ———. "Scotus' Realist Conception of the Categories: His Legacy to Late Medieval Debates." Vivarium 43 (2005): 63-110.

  48. Rijk Lambertus Marie de. "'Categorization' as a Key Notion in Ancient and Medieval Semantics." Vivarium 26 (1988): 1-18.

    "The aim of this paper is to argue for a twofold thesis: (a) for Aristotle the verb ' katêgorein' does not as such stand for statemental predication, let alone of the well-known 'S is P' type, and (b) 'non-statemental predication' or 'categorization' plays an important role in Ancient and Medieval philosophical procedure.

    1. Katêgorein and katêgoria in Aristotle

    Aristotle was the first to use the word 'category' (katêgoria) as a technical term in logic and philosophy. It is commonly taken to mean 'highest predicate' and explained in terms of statement-making. From the logical point of view categories are thus considered 'potential predicates'.(*)


    1.3 Name giving ('categorization') as the key tool in the search for 'true substance'

    What Aristotle actually intends in his metaphysical discussions in the central books of his Metaphysics (Z-Th) is to discover the proper candidate for the name 'ousia'. According to Aristotle, the primary kind of 'being' or 'being as such' (to on hêi on) can only be found in 'being-ness' (ousia; see esp. Metaph. 1028b2). Unlike Plato, however, Aristotle is sure to find 'being as such' in the domain of things belonging to the everyday world. Aristotle's most pressing problem is to grasp the things' proper nature qua beings. In the search for an answer name-giving plays a decisive role: the solution to the problem consists in finding the most appropriate ('essential') name so as to bring everyday being into the discourse in such a way that precisely its 'beingness' is focussed upon.


    2. The use of 'praedicare' in Boethius

    The Greek phrase katêgorein ti kata tinos is usually rendered in Latin as praedicare aliquid de aliquo. The Latin formula primarily means 'to say something of something else' (more precisely 'of somebody'). Of course, the most common meaning of the Latin phrase is 'to predicate something of something else in making a statement of the form S = P'. However, the verb praedicare, just as its Greek counterpart katêgorein, is used more than once merely in the sense of 'naming' or 'designating by means of a certain name', regardless of the syntactic role that name performs in a statement. In such cases praedicare stands for the act of calling up something under a certain name (designation), a procedure that we have labelled 'categorization'. (...)

    Boethius' use of praedicare is quite in line with what is found in other authors. Along with the familiar use of the verb for statemental predication, Boethius also frequently uses praedicare in the sense of 'naming' or 'designating something under a certain name' whereby the use of the designating word in predicate position is, sometimes even explicitly, ruled out." pp. 1, 4, 9-10.

    (*) See L. M. de Rijk, The Categories as Classes of Names (= On Ancient and Medieval Semantics 3), in: Vivarium, 18 (1980), 1-62, esp. 4-7

  49. Scheu Marina. The Categories of Being in Aristotle and St. Thomas. Washington: Catholic University of America Press, 1944.

  50. Trego Kristell. "Substance, Sujet, Acte. La Première Réception Latine D'Aristote: Marius Victorinus Et Boèce." Les Études philosophiques 101 (2012): 233-256.

  51. Wippel John F. "Thomas Aquinas's Derivation of the Aristotelian Categories (Predicaments)." Journal of the History of Philosophy 25 (1987): 13-33.